Hematology is the science of medicine that studies blood cells, controls blood disorders, and provides diagnostic tests for various clinical problems. Laboratory hematology analysers are used to perform a variety of chemical tests to help doctors identify blood problems and disorders, such as anemia, low or high platelet counts, kidney function, and clotting problems.
Hematology analyzers typically consist of an electronic measurement unit that contains a series of sensors developed to detect different chemical components in the blood. This unit is connected to an automated analysis, a sample conditioning station and an analysis platform. Automated analysis handles the analysis process and separates chemical components according to their properties. The sample conditioning station prepares the blood sample so that it can be analyzed correctly. The analysis platform measures and processes the data collected to complete the medical report.
What are the typical chemical tests performed by hematology analysers?
Chemical analyzes performed by these analyzers should include total and differential red blood cell count (RBC), differential white blood cell count (WBC), platelet count, reticulocyte count (the response of erythropoiesis), erythroblast count, complete blood cell examination, colorimetry, granulometry, serum protein, complete blood tests, acidification, immobilization, cholinesterase and blood group measurements.
The red blood cell count examination is done to determine the number of red blood cells in a sample of blood, which helps doctors determine the state of anemia. The differential white blood cell count provides information about the number and concentration of different types of white blood cells in the blood. This helps doctors evaluate patients’ immune systems.
Platelet counts are also measured to measure the level of platelets in a sample of blood to diagnose disorders of the clotting process. Reticulocyte count examination is one of the most common hematology tests. This test measures the number and composition of reticulocytes, which are immature red blood cells. This test helps doctors determine the presence and severity of an anemia known as megaloblastic anemia. This anemia is caused by a deficiency of vitamin B12 or folate.
What information does the bone marrow, the immobilization study, and hemoglobin levels provide?
Complete blood count (CBC) is a hematology test to determine bone marrow function. This test helps doctors understand how well red blood cells are developing. Acidification examination determines the rate of acidification and acid reaction of hemoglobin. This test is useful in the diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia.
The immobilization examination determines whether the red blood cells have a normal combination of immobilization/freezing. This test is used to check for genetic defects in red blood cells. Analyzers do a colorimetry test to evaluate the amount of vital dye present in the blood. This test is used to monitor iron levels. The size of the red blood cells in a blood sample is determined by granulometry.
Hemoglobin analyzes are also a key element of the chemical analyzes performed by hematology analyzers. This test is used to measure hemoglobin levels in a blood sample and helps doctors diagnose and treat anemia. The serum protein test determines the amount and type of protein in a blood sample. This test is used to detect infections and autoantibodies.
The Relevance of Chemical Analyzes of Hematology Analysers
Blood type testing is used to identify blood types and immunologic antibodies in a sample of blood. This test is used primarily for reproductive control of pregnancy, transfusion control, and detection of autoimmune disorders. Cholinesterase tests are also done to help doctors evaluate liver-related conditions. This test is useful in the diagnosis of chronic liver disease.
Laboratory hematology analyzers are a useful tool to help doctors diagnose blood disorders and problems. These analyzers do a variety of chemical tests so that they can identify the underlying causes of various blood problems. Because blood disorders can be serious, doctors must get test results quickly and safely to give their patients appropriate treatment. The use of laboratory hematology analyzers is an excellent tool for doctors to help them detect and diagnose blood-related disorders.